Demystifying UPSC Syllabus: All You Need to Know

"Explore the complete UPSC syllabus, subjects, and expert tips for successful exam preparation. Your path to becoming a civil servant starts here!"

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) conducts various competitive examinations in India, with the Civil Services Examination being one of the most prominent. The UPSC syllabus for the Civil Services Examination is vast and covers a wide range of subjects.

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Here is a detailed breakdown of the UPSC syllabus and it’s subjects:

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The UPSC Civil Services Examination is divided into three stages

  1. Preliminary Examination (Prelims): The Preliminary Examination consists of two papers:

         a) General Studies Paper I:

  • Current events of national and international importance
  • History of India and the Indian National Movement
  • Indian and World Geography
  • Indian Polity and Governance
  • Economic and Social Development
  • Environmental Ecology, Biodiversity, and Climate Change
  • General Science

         b) General Studies Paper II (CSAT – Civil Services Aptitude Test):

  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills, including communication skills
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision-making and problem-solving
  • General mental ability
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.)
  1. Main Examination (Mains): The Main Examination consists of nine papers, out of which two papers are qualifying in nature (i.e., marks obtained in these papers are not counted for ranking). The remaining seven papers are counted for ranking. The papers are as follows:

          a) Paper-A: Indian Language (Qualifying)

          b) Paper-B: English (Qualifying)

          c) Essay Paper

          d)General Studies I:

  • Indian Heritage and Culture
  • History and Geography of the World and Society

          e) General Studies II:

  • Governance
  • Constitution
  • Polity
  • Social Justice and International Relations

          f) General Studies III:

  • Technology
  • Economic Development
  • Biodiversity
  • Environment
  • Security and Disaster Management

          g) General Studies IV:

  • Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude

          h) Optional Subject Paper I

          i) Optional Subject Paper II

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       3. Personality Test (Interview): Candidates who qualify the Mains examination are called for             an interview (personality test). The interview assesses the candidate’s personality,                         leadership qualities, communication skills, and overall suitability for the civil services.

Optional Subjects: Candidates can choose one optional subject from a list of available subjects, which include but are not limited to subjects like History, Geography, Public Administration, Sociology, Political Science, Economics, Psychology, and more. The optional subject has two papers in the Main Examination.

It’s important to note that the UPSC syllabus is quite comprehensive, and candidates are expected to have a deep understanding of the topics mentioned in each subject. Additionally, the examination pattern and syllabus can change from year to year, so it’s crucial for aspirants to refer to the latest UPSC notifications and official sources for the most up-to-date information.

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